Bottle Typing/Diagnostic Shapes

Bottle group showing a variety of bottle shapes; click to enlarge.

1920 Illinois Glass Co. Bottle Catalog
HOME: Bottle Typing/Diagnostic Shapes: 1920 I.G.Co. Bottle Catalog

IGCo. 1920 catalog cover.One of the best sources for determining bottle types based on the shape are old glass/bottle makers catalogs.  An assortment of catalogs have been used in the preparation of this website to assist with bottle dating, and in particular, bottle typing - i.e., what a bottle likely contained or was used for.  A very few bottle makers catalog were reproduced in the 1960s and 1970s, but all are long out of print and variably difficult to obtain.  However, there is no better source for determining potential use and period shape names than these old catalogs. 

Because of this utility I have reproduced the entire 1920 Illinois Glass Company (IGCo.) "General Catalog A" on this website; a catalog never reproduced to the authors knowledge.  It is not dated but contains information that indicates that it was printed no earlier than 1919 (it lists the new carboy plant which was finished in January 1919) and no later than mid-1920 as this catalog does not list the Bridgeton factory (ex-Cumberland Glass Co.) which was acquired April 13th, 1920 (Lockhart unpublished manuscript 2006).  The IGCo. was one of the largest producers of bottles during the late 19th and early 20th centuries (and still is in its current manifestation as the Owens-Illinois, Inc.)  having almost certainly the most comprehensive array of offerings of any bottle maker at the time within all important bottle type categories.  Given this dominance, the bottle styles listed in their catalogs - and to a large degree the style names used - are typical of the offerings of most bottle makers of that time making the IGCo. catalogs one of the more important catalogs of the era to researchers.

This catalog is significant as it is the first of the IGCo. catalogs to feature essentially all machine-made utilitarian bottles (pages 10 to 116) although many of the "specialty bottles" (e.g., perfumes, shop furniture/shelf ware) shown on pages 137 to 169 were largely still being hand blown it is believed.   The majority of the machine-made bottles were produced by the Owens Automatic Bottle Machines - the first fully automatic bottle machines - although some of the wide-mouth utilitarian bottles and jars were being made by fully automated press-and-blow machines (Miller & McNichol 2002; empirical observations).  The catalog shows the company offering some of the earlier finish styles that are only observed on machine-made bottles, e.g. Kork-N-Seal, Phoenix, Goldy, Sure-Seal and others. 

The catalog is copied in its entirety and includes many pages of related non-bottle items, e.g., packing materials, corks and corking machines, various bottle filling machines and much more.  Fascinating information all!  This particular catalog was used by a firm in Durango, Mexico as it was date stamped upon receipt (?) on September 23, 1922.  Of not, it contains many pages of liquor bottles which would have had a very limited market in the U. S. at the time due to National Prohibition.  It appears that new editions of IGCo. catalogs were issued every 3 to 6 years during the first three decades of the 20th century; the next (and probably last) catalog known to the author is the "General Catalog B" which was first issued in 1926.  (A complete copy of that 1926 catalog is also found on this website!)  The IGCo. merged with the Owens Bottle Co. in 1929 to form the Owens-Illinois Glass Co.  For a complete history of the Illinois Glass Company consult the following reference; a pdf copy of this article is included on this website:

Lockhart, Bill, Bill Lindsey, David Whitten, and Carol Serr.  2005a.  The Dating Game: The Illinois Glass Company. Bottles and Extras 16(1):54-60 (Winter 2005).  This article available on this site at:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/IGCo_BLockhart.pdf

For more information on the products of the Illinois Glass Company, see the other two catalogs reproduced fully on this website - the 1906 IGCo. catalog and the 1926 IGCo. catalog.
 


All of the pages in the 1920 IGCo. catalog are hyperlinked below in the order they appear in the catalog.  Click on each link to view an enlarged and moderate quality scan of each individual page (jpeg files).  Each link consists of the catalog page number and the general subject matter of that page - as appropriate or useful.  Various functional category "breaks" are made in the list below for easier use; it is still in chronological page order but various types are scattered to some extent through the catalog.

If a user wishes to search for a particular bottle type  (or other catalog listing) in the catalogs "General Classified Index," these pages are linked immediately below.  Determine the page number of the item you are interested in then find that page link further down this page and click on it.  Just be aware that some of the proprietary names that the company (and all bottle making companies) used are not always intuitively clear as to what type of bottle it is referring to:

Page 3 - Acid Bottles to Crown Capper
Page 4 - Crown Ovals to Mailing Cases
Page 5 - Main Factory to St. Louis Brandy
Page 6 - St. Louis Mustard to Wood Top Corks

After viewing an enlarged scan, use the back arrow on your browser to return to this page.  Unfortunately, a user can not move from one page scan to the next without returning to this page.

INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION
Cover
Page 1 - Title page
Page 2 - Company office & factory locations
Page 3 - General Classified Index (first page)
Page 4 - General Classified Index (second page)
Page 5 - General Classified Index (third page)
Page 6 - General Classified Index (fourth page)
Page 7 - Glass Bottles Introduction
Page 8 - View of the Alton, IL. plant
Page 9 - View of the Thompson plant
Page 10 - Introduction page to section on "Diamond I Automatic Machine Made Bottles"
Page 11 - Finishes Produced by the Automatic Machine (illustrated list of finish styles)

DRUGGIST BOTTLES & RELATED

Page 12 - Washed, Corked and Sterilized Service on Prescription Ware discussion page (no bottles)
Page 13 - Regular Packing (packing boxes not bottles)
Page 14 - Lyric Graduated Oval prescription style
Page 15 - Lyric Graduated Oval illustrations
Page 16 - Signet Plain Oval prescription style
Page 17 - Signet Plain Oval illustrations
Page 18 - Wizard Graduated Oval prescription style
Page 19 - Wizard Graduated Oval illustrations

NURSERS

Page 20 - Nursers with graduated content markings
Page 21 - Faultless "Diamond I" Wide Mouth Nurser
Page 22 - Types of regular stock packages (packing boxes not bottles)

DRUGGIST, EXTRACT & MEDICINE BOTTLES

Page 23 - Improved Citrate of Magnesia with a porcelain stopper
Page 24 - French square prescription bottles, narrow mouth
Page 25 - Round narrow mouth prescriptions
Page 26 - Castor oil rounds & ovals
Page 27 - Druggist & medicine ovals
Page 28 - Druggist & medicine ovals
Page 29 - Plain druggist & medicine ovals, narrow & wide mouths
Page 30 - Medicine ovals
Page 31 - Ball neck medicine & extract panels (rectangular)
Page 32 - Ball neck medicine & extract panels (rectangular)
Page 33 - Medicinal panels (rectangular)
Page 34 - Medicinal panels (rectangular & oval), castoria, extract
Page 35 - Castor oil panels (rectangular)
Page 36 - Sarsaparilla & other medicine panels (rectangular)
Page 37 - Medicine panels (rectangular & round)
Page 38 - Various medicine cylinders - ether, Godfrey's Cordial, drops
Page 39 - Acid bottle cylinders with ground glass stoppers
Page 40 - Round fluid extracts & packers
Page 41 - Round & square packers & extracts
Page 42 - Round wide mouth prescriptions & related bottles
Page 43 - Blakes (a rectangular medicine style) and fluted wide mouth bottle
Page 44 - Various styles of Blakes (tall, footed, narrow mouth, short)
Page 45 - Various styles of Blakes (short, several narrow mouth)
Page 46 - French square (medicine style) of different types
Page 47 - Castor oil flask - oval & round; Citrate of Magnesia
Page 48 - Embalming fluid, Milk of Magnesia, square brandy & oblong prescription
Page 49 - Oval & rounded square effervescent salts

HOUSEHOLD & FOOD BOTTLES
Page 50 - Bluing bottles of various shapes
Page 51 - Peroxide of hydrogen cylinders
Page 52 - Peroxide of hydrogen & serum cylinders
Page 53 - Sewing machine oils and round tonic
Page 54 - Club sauce, taper square, monogram square, gothic square
Page 55 - Glass jugs with bail and glass handles
Page 56 - Glass jugs and packing crates for them
Page 57 - Glass jugs (sizing and capacity information)
Page 58 - Paint and other wide mouth jars of small to moderate size
Page 59 - Small wide mouth threaded finish jars
Page 60 - Various shaped small tablet bottles
Page 61 - Various shaped small threaded finish tablet bottles
Page 62 - Atomizer Bottles and Breast Pumps
Page 63 - Oil Stove Tanks (these are bottles)

TOILET & PERFUME BOTTLES
Page 64 - Taper perfumes of various styles
Page 65 - Perfume bottles of various types (oval, oblong, rectangular)
Page 66 - Round & square "Lubins", other shape perfumes
Page 67 - Various shaped toilet bottles
Page 68 - Various shaped toilet bottles
Page 69 - Various shaped toilet bottles, shampoo
Page 70 - Various shaped toilet bottles, Florida water
Page 71 - Various shaped toilet bottles
Page 72 - Various shaped toilet bottles
Page 73 - Toilet cream panel bottles

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES OF VARIOUS TYPES
Page 74 - Cylinder brandy bottles
Page 75 - Cylinder brandy bottles
Page 76 - Square & cylinder brandy bottles
Page 77 - Kummel, Cognac, Rock & Rye, and Tom & Jerry bottles
Page 78 - Square & cylindrical gin bottles
Page 79 - Hock wine cylinders & square schnapps bottles
Page 80 - Rectangular bitters & whiskies
Page 81 - Miniature brandies, liquor flasks
Page 82 - Dandy flasks
Page 83 - Dandy & Alton flasks
Page 84 - Eagle & Olympia flasks
Page 85 - Union oval & Shoo-fly flasks
Page 86 - Various liquor ovals

INK, PASTE & POLISH
Page 87 - Ink & paste bottles
Page 88 - Polish bottles

FOOD
Page 89 - Horse radish
Page 90 - Horse radish (various styles)
Page 91 - Mustard
Page 92 - Mustard
Page 93 - Square, oval & paneled pickles
Page 94 - Cylindrical & paneled pickle & preserves
Page 95 - Cylindrical & paneled preserves & condiments
Page 96 - Malted milk & wide mouth jars
Page 97 - Opal (milk glass) cylindrical ointment jars
Page 98 - Opal square and round ointment jars

BLUE GLASS BOTTLES
Page 99 - Introduction to "Bottles Made in Blue Glass"
Page 100 - Small iodine, eye water & corn cure bottles
Page 101 - Wide mouth square & cylindrical blue glass bottles

CARBOYS & DEMIJOHNS
Page 102 - Introduction with picture of the "new" Carboy Factory (new as of 1/1/1919)
Page 103 - 5 gallon water bottles
Page 104 - Carboy shipping containers
Page 105 - 5 gallon water bottles in crates/cartons
Page 106 - "Illinois" Tilter Top box for carboys
Page 107 - "Illinois" carboy box
Page 108 - "Diamond I" crate & rubber bumper crate for carboys
Page 109 - "Alton" box & M. T. Bottle crates for carboys
Page 110 - "One Trip Box" & 5 gallon Skeleton demijohn
Page 111 - 5 gallon grape juice bottle & 42 pint straight neck demijohn

BEVERAGE BOTTLES & RELATED
Page 112 - Water packers & apollinaris bottles
Page 113 - Cylindrical sodas
Page 114 - Cylindrical, fluted & triangular sodas
Page 115 - Soda, root beer & ginger ales
Page 116 - Beer bottles
Page 117 - Bottlers' cases (no bottles)
Page 118 - Bottlers' cases

PACKING PRODUCTS (no bottles)
Page 119 - Wooden Box Department discussion
Page 120 - "Diamond I" Wood Box Plant and Lumber Yard (illustration)
Page 121 - Illustration of Wood Re-shipping Cases
Page 122 - Various packing crate illustrations
Page 123 - Various packing crate illustrations
Page 124 - Corrugated Fibre Department discussion
Page 125 - Corrugated fibre products (images of factories)
Page 126 - Single face corrugated fibreboard (illustration)
Page 127 - Illustration of corrugated fibre board re-shipping cases
Page 128 - Single face corrugated fibreboard in sheets illustration
Page 129 - Misc. corrugated fibreboard packing materials
Page 130 - Double face corrugated fibreboard illustrations
Page 131 - Single face combination cartons
Page 132 - Champion bottle wrapper
Page 133 - Single strength slotted box
Page 134 - Corrugated partition packing
Page 135 - Corrugated slotted boxes
Page 136 - Two & three piece slide boxes

PERFUMES, TOILET WATERS & SPECIALTIES
Page 137 - Perfumes, toilet waters & specialties introduction page
Page 138 - Perfume Ware & Specialties factory illustration
Page 139 - Various perfumes
Page 140 - Various perfumes
Page 141 - Various perfumes
Page 142 - Various perfumes
Page 143 - Various perfumes
Page 144 - Various perfumes
Page 145 - Various perfumes
Page 146 - Various perfumes
Page 147 - Various perfumes
Page 148 - Various perfumes
Page 149 - Various perfumes
Page 150 - Toilet waters
Page 151 - Toilet waters
Page 152 - Toilet waters
Page 153 - Toilet waters
Page 154 - Florida & toilet waters
Page 155 - Toilet waters
Page 156 - Toilet waters
Page 157 - Toilet waters
Page 158 - Toilet waters
Page 159 - Toilet waters
Page 160 - Bulk perfumes
Page 161 - Bulk perfumes
Page 162 - Bulk perfumes
Page 163 - Talcum powders
Page 164 - Cold cream jars (stoppered)
Page 165 - Sachet powders & smelling salts
Page 166 - Bandoline bottles & tooth powders
Page 167 - Miscellaneous wide mouth bottles
Page 168 - Shelf ware (shop furniture)
Page 169 - Shelf ware (shop furniture)
Page 170 - Ground glass stoppers
Page 171 - Ground glass stoppers
Page 172 - Peg stoppers (used with shell corks)
Page 173 - Peg stoppers
Page 174 - Candy jars (stoppered)
Page 175 - Candy jars (stoppered)
Page 176 - Candy jars

CORKS (no bottles)
Page 177 - Cork section introductory page
Page 178 - Druggist cork sizing information
Page 179 - Illustration of guy with corks
Page 180 - Cork production information
Page 181 - Cork production information
Page 182 - Cork production information
Page 183 - Cork production information
Page 184 - Cork sizing information
Page 185 - Cork specialties

CARTONS & LABELS (no bottles)
Page 186 - Cartons & labels introduction page
Page 187 - Cartons & labels illustration
Page 188 - Labels illustration
Page 189 - Cartons & labels illustrations
Page 190 - Carton illustrations
Page 191 - Carton illustrations
Page 192 - Photos of carton & label production
Page 193 - Photos of carton & label production
Page 194 - Photos of carton & label production
Page 195 - Photo & information on carton & label production

BOTTLING & PACKAGING MACHINERY (no bottles)
Page 196 - Photos of bottle & packaging machinery
Page 197 - Bottling & Packaging Machine introduction
Page 198 - Improved automatic bottle filling machines discussion
Page 199 - Improved automatic bottle filling machine photos
Page 200 - Improved automatic bottle filling machine photos & discussion
Page 201 - Combination bottling outfit No. 4 photos & discussion
Page 202 - Combination outfit No. 3 photo & discussion
Page 203 - Junior bottle filling machine photo & discussion
Page 204 - Combination outfit No. 5 & U. S. 3 Tube Junior bottle filler photos & discussion
Page 205 - Accurate Measure bottle filling machine photos & discussion
Page 206 - "Louisville" Direct Pressure bottle filling machine photos & discussion
Page 207 - Catsup bottle filler photo & discussion
Page 208 - Santo bottling outfits & hand filling and agitating outfit photos & discussion
Page 209 - Corking & screw cap tightener machines photos & discussion
Page 210 - Ampoule filler & corker; complete bottling outfits photos & discussion
Page 211 - Complete chemical laboratory equipment photos & discussion
Page 212 - Drum multiple disc filter photos & discussion
Page 213 - Drum multiple disc filter illustrations & discussion
Page 214 - Automatic bottle washing machine photo & discussion
Page 215 - Revolving conveyor tables photos & discussion
Page 216 - Rotary & straight line outside bottle washers photos & discussion
Page 217 - Combination bottle washer - electric power photo & discussion
Page 218 - Automatic power corking machines photos & discussion
Page 219 - "Daisy" bench hand corker & Simplex cork preparing outfit photos & discussion
Page 220 - Belt conveyor table photos & discussion
Page 221 - Chemical-Proprietary-Pharmaceutical installations photos & discussions
Page 222 - (above continued)
Page 223 - Pumps
Page 224 - Pumps
Page 225 - Pumps
Page 226 - Pumps

HOMEOPATHIC VIALS, CHEMICAL & LABORATORY GLASSWARE
Page 227 - Homeopathic vials introductory page
Page 228 - Homeopathic vials
Page 229 - Shell vials
Page 230 - Screw cap vials
Page 231 - Special catalog "H" notification (catalog on Chemical & Lab glassware)

MISCELLANEOUS SUPPLIES (no bottles, but bottle related)
Page 232 - Miscellaneous supplies introductory page
Page 233 - Specialty corks, rubber corks, cork rings
Page 234 - Tape, staples, paste, sealing wax
Page 235 - Mailing cases, filter paper, "Perfection" bottle stopper
Page 236 - Shoe swabs (for shoe polish)
Page 237 - Nickel bottle tubes, sprinkle tops, cork/metal tops
Page 238 - Crown capper, mallets, crown cork caps, ink spout
 


1/1/2014

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Bill Lindsey
Bureau of Land Management (retired) -
Klamath Falls, Oregon
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