Historic Bottle Website "Map"

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The following is a listing or "map" of all the main subject pages and connected sub-pages found within this Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website.  The main subject pages are in bold capital letters and the sub-pages are listed underneath the related main page title in smaller, non-bold lettering.  (Recent significant updates, additions and revisions to the site are noted further down the page.)


DATING PAGE (including beginning of Bottle Dating Key)
    Bottle Dating Key - Mouth-blown bottles
    Bottle Dating Key - Machine-made bottles
    Dating Examples

    Liquor/Spirits Bottles
    Wine & Champagne Bottles
    Beer & Ale Bottles
    Soda & Mineral Water Bottles
    Medicinal/Chemical/Druggist Bottles
    Food Bottles & Canning Jars
    Household Bottles (non-food related)
    Miscellaneous & Foreign Bottles
    Labeled Bottles
    Illinois Glass Co. 1906 bottle catalog
    Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916-17 catalog
    Illinois Glass Co. 1920 bottle catalog
    Illinois Glass Co. 1926 bottle catalog

    Glassmakers Marks



   Part II: Types or Styles of Finishes - Page 1
   Part II: Types or Styles of Finishes - Page 2
   Part II: Types or Styles of Finishes - Page 3
   Part III: Types of Bottle Closures

   Pontil Marks or Scars


    Bottle Morphology



    Historic Bottle Website "Map" (this page)

ABOUT THIS SITE - Caveats, Acknowledgements & Miscellaneous PAGE

   Metric Conversion Table

Recent updates, additions and revisions to this website


Currently, and ongoing for many years to come, the Bottle Research Group is using this Historic Bottle Website to exclusively publish new makers markings articles as well as revisions of previously published ones.  This is all directed towards the eventual completion of...


See the following page for a complete list of and links to these articles:
Bottle & Glass Makers Markings
(They are also on the Reference Sources/Bibliography page.)

Several significant Bottle Research Group (BRG) publications are now also available via this website:

Makers Markings Logo Tables - A major milestone in assisting with the dating of historic bottles is the completion of the "Makers Markings Logo Tables" by the BRG.  This alphabetical listing of specific embossed bottle/glass makers markings includes the marks used by various bottle/glass making companies in the United States and Canada as well as some in England and Mexico.  The actual makers marking "logos" are listed along with the name of the company that used the marking, the date range for the use of that marking, and the makers marking article(s) that cover that particular marking and maker.  These tables taken as a whole constitute essentially a "quick reference" dating guide to the makers markings found on historic bottles!

Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig.
  2015.  A Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes. 
Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published March 2015.  This is an important and substantive update to the now long-in-the-tooth article (Lockhart 2004d) on the Owens-Illinois Glass Company and its markers markings co-authored with Russ Hoenig, a now retired senior engineer for the Owens-Illinois Glass Co.  This is another exclusive article published only on the Historic Bottle Website, but which is destined to also be included in a pending SHA book on historic bottles.  This article is available at the following link:  Updated Owens-Illinois Glass Company article.

Tintype of a man and his Drake's Plantation Bitters - ca. 1865-1875.Lockhart, Bill, Bill Lindsey, Beau Schriever, and Carol Serr.  2012.  New Insights from the Bottles Excavated at the Fort Riley Hospital Privy. Privately published by Bill Lockhart & the Bottle Research Group.  This well illustrated work highlights the recent reanalysis of hundreds of bottles and bottle fragments systematically excavated in 1984 from a large privy at Fort Riley, KS. used from the late 1850s into the 1890s.  The reanalysis resulted in the identification of several previously non-attributed makers markings as well as provided a significant amount of information to affirm and refine many of the concepts and dating guidelines found on this site.  This copyrighted work is available for sale as a softbound book via www.Lulu.com (search using "Bill Lockhart") or as a free, downloadable .pdf file which may be saved or printed out to make your own book for no cost!  The file is available at this link: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/FortRileyReport2012.pdf

Lockhart, Bill, Tod von Mechow, Beau Schriever, David Whitten, Bill Lindsey and Carol Serr.  2014.  William Painter's Baltimore Loop Seal. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published January 2014.  This article is web published here exclusively for users!  It is about this late 19th century (but used into the 1910s) closure type used for beer and soda bottling and invented by William Painter, who went on to much bigger fame as the originator of the crown cap closure and finish.  This article is available at this link:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/BaltimoreLoopSealarticle.pdf

Lockhart, Bill, Beau Schriever, Carol Serr, and Bill Lindsey with contributions by Joe Widman.  2014.  Pitcher's and Fletcher's Castoria Bottles - An Uncommon Study of Common Bottles.  Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published October 2014.  Article on the fascinating history, bottles and (some) makers markings of this well know product (Castoria) that is still in production (Fletcher's Castoria) today. This article is available at this link:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/CastoriaHistory.pdf

Lockhart, Bill, Pete Schulz, Bill Lindsey, Beau Schriever, and Carol Serr with contributions by David Whitten.  2014.  Bromo-Seltzer in the Cobalt Blue Bottles.  Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published December 2014.  Another exclusive article published here only; this one on the fascinating history and bottles of another well know product (Bromo-Seltzer) that is still in production today. This article is available at this link:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/Bromo-Seltzer.pdf 


Another significant addition to this website, which will be ongoing for some time, is the inclusion of a series of articles primarily authored by Bill Lockhart on the early bottle making machines from the very late 1800s to the first couple decades of the 20th century.  These are highly informative, interesting and well illustrated articles on the early days of bottle making automation!

Bernas, Barry.  2011.  The Evolution of Jar Machine. (Originally privately published as part of the 2011 Fruit Jar Annual.)  This article is being made available here compliments of the author and is a fascinating history of the late 19th century evolution of wide mouth, press-and-blow jar making technology and machines.  Click on the following link to access this article:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/evolutionjarmachineBernas.pdf

Lockhart, Bill.  2014.  Frank O'Neill and the O'Neill Glass Machines. Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published February 2014.  Another great article web published here exclusively! This article is about some significant late 19th to early 20th century, press-and-blow, semi and fully automatic machines that were eventually able to make narrow neck bottles as well as wide mouth bottles and jars.  This article is available at this link:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/ONeillmachines.pdf

Lockhart, Bill and Barry Bernas.  2014.  Turning Blue: Charles Blue and the Early Jar Machines.  In the "Guide to Collecting Fruit Jars: Fruit Jar Annual 2014" by Jerry McCann , pp. 19-47.  Privately published.  As noted in the articles introduction:  Charles Edwin Blue created the first really successful jar and wide-mouth bottle machine. Between 1894 and 1912, Blue patented ten such machines, corresponding to the rise of the Atlas Glass Co. from 1896 to 1902. This study examines the earliest machines made by Blue and others the manufacturing characteristics they left on jars, and ramifications applied to identifying early jars made by the Atlas Glass Co.  This article is available on this website at this link: http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/TheBLueMachine.pdf

Lockhart, Bill, Beau Schriever, Bill Lindsey and Carol Serr.  2014.  The Ashley Semiautomatic Bottle Machine.  Historic Glass Bottle Identification & Information Website, E-published June 2014.  Yet another great article web published here exclusively! This article is about what was most likely the first narrow mouth, press-and-blow, bottle producing machines originating during the very late 19th to early 20th centuries.  These were nicknamed the "Johnny Bull" machines.  This article is available at this link:  http://www.sha.org/bottle/pdffiles/AshleyMachines.pdf

...more to come in the future!

Other recent additions to this website:

  • The author of this website has prepared a summary of the mouth-blown bottle finishing methods section on the Bottle Finishes & Closures page which is available as a downloadable and printable (pdf) article.  Click The Finishing Touch: A Primer on Mouth-blown Bottle Finishing Methods to view/download this article (32 pages and full of illustrations).  This copyrighted article was prepared to be part of a proposed future Society for Historical Archaeology book on bottle and glass manufacturing.  That books future is unknown so the article is now being made available to users here as a free download.
  • Additional information continues to be added to the current work-in-progress typology page - Household Bottles (non-food related).  The ink, mucilage/glue and blacking/shoe polish bottle sections are fully completed with work being done on the other household bottle sections.

Other updates: 

Noted soda bottle researcher Ron Fowler has recently completed a website that includes a searchable database of the almost 19,000 different embossed Hutchinson soda bottles that he has cataloged.  It is available a this link:  http://www.hutchbook.com  Although still a bit of a work in progress (primarily the inclusion of thousands of bottle images though over 11,000 are loaded to date!) this website is already a marvelous resource for those trying to identify soda bottles and fragments as well as so much more.

In late 2011, a truly monumental work of note was published for those interested in historic bottles.  Published by the Illinois State Archaeological Survey it is entitled Bottled in Illinois - Embossed Bottles and Bottled Products of Early Illinois Merchants from Chicago to Cairo 1840-1880.  Click Bottled in Illinois to read more about this book and for how to acquire it.

...and lots of smaller additions, corrections, and the like always ongoing! 

Group of historic bottles dating between 1840 and 1930.

SEARCHING THIS WEBSITE:  To do a word/phrase search of this website one must use the search box found on most of the main SHA web pages including their Home Page - the upper right corner of that and all pages.  The Historic Bottle Website (HBW) has no internal search mechanism so be aware that when running a search off of a regular SHA page, one will also get non-HBW response links to other portions of the SHA site.


This website created and managed by:
Bill Lindsey
Bureau of Land Management (retired) -
Klamath Falls, Oregon
Questions?  See FAQ #21.

Copyright 2015 Bill Lindsey.  All rights reserved. Viewers are encouraged, for personal or classroom use, to download limited copies of posted material.  No material may be copied for commercial purposes. Author reserves the right to update this information as appropriate.